Vanguard - Space launch mission detailed information
6 DEC 1957
Launch Complex 18A
Small satellite used to test the Vanguard three-stage launch vehicle.
The Vanguard rocket was intended to be the first launch vehicle the United States would use to place a satellite into orbit. Instead, the Sputnik crisis caused by the surprise launch of Sputnik 1 led the U.S., after the failure of Vanguard TV3, to quickly orbit the Explorer 1 satellite using a Juno I rocket, making Vanguard I the second successful U.S. orbital launch.