OGCh 13 - Space launch mission detailed information
OGCh 13 13
19 SEP 1967
Soviet Space Program
Missile equipped with the 8F021 warhead
The R-36O was the only orbiting military nuclear weapon ever deployed, although in order to remain legal under international treaties it was a 'fractional orbital' weapon. Although American infrared early warning satellites invalidated the 'surprise attack' component of the concept, 18 missiles were operational from 1969 to 1983.